Foreign Direct Investment and Developing Countries

Foreign Direct Investment and Developing Countries

This is a paper that requires the student to research and evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization. The paper also provides additional guidelines to use in the writing and submission of the assignment.

Evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization

Research Paper
The purpose of the Final Paper is to demonstrate a culmination of the learning achieved in the course by describing your understanding and application of knowledge in the field of international business.

Focus of the Final Paper

Select a company that you are familiar with and also write a paper that evaluates several aspects of the company’s organization with respect to the concepts that were learned in this course. In the Introduction, please provide historical background of the company and also its financial and international dealings. The paper should be eight to ten pages in length (excluding the title and also reference pages, appendix, exhibits, etc.). Choose four of the following topics to explain:

Culture of the organization – values and norms
Ethics in international dealings
Foreign Direct Investment
Entry into the markets
Accounting practices
How it converts currency
Its international strategy
Strategic positioning
Marketing tactics
Your assignment must include at least one table and/or figure within the body of the paper that supports one of the four selected topics.  Use proper APA formatting for the caption of your table(s) or figure(s).  Additionally, you are required to use in-text citations, and to provide a reference page with at least 10 references, with a minimum of two from the Ashford University Library.

Text
Hill, C.W. & Hult, G.T.M. (2019).International business: Competing in the global marketplace (12th ed.). Retrieved from https://redshelf.com/

Chapter 20: Accounting and also Finance in the International Business
Web Page
Additionally, globalEDGE. (n.d.). Reference Desk (Links to an external site.). Retrieved https://globaledge.msu.edu/reference-desk

It will provide you with rich information that you need for developing your Research Paper and also doing business globally.

Liberalism in international political economy

Liberalism in international political economy

Why Theory Matters in IPE? Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis. Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Why Theory Matters in IPE?-functions in our thinking and analysis

Firstly, Why Theory Matters in IPE?

Secondly, Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis.

Thirdly, Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Fourthly, Reveal your position on how theories work and discuss:

Lastly, Why is this perspective the most convincing one for you?

More details on What is IPE theory?

What is IPE theory?
International political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy (GPE), refers to either economics or an interdisciplinary academic discipline that analyzes economics, politics and international relations. … Political economy is a very old subject of intellectual inquiry.
Why international political economy is important?
The purpose of International Political Economy is what drives and explains events in the world economy. The markets of the world economy are not like a local street market in which all items can be openly and competitively traded and exchanged. Equally, politicians cannot rule the global economy.
What is liberalism in international political economy?
International Political Economy of Liberalism. At the international level, liberals believe that a fundamental. harmony of interests exists between as well as within countries. Liberals, thus, contend that global welfare will be maximized if all individuals.
What is political economy approach?
Political economy may draw upon sociology, economics, and political science to define how government, an economic system, and politics influence each other. This approach combines the ideals of classical political economists and newer analytical advances in the field of economics and politics.
What do you mean by international trade?
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). Carrying out trade at an international level is a complex process when compared to domestic trade.

International political economy IPE theory

International political economy IPE theory

Why Theory Matters in IPE? Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis. Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Why Theory Matters in IPE?-functions in our thinking and analysis

Firstly, Why Theory Matters in IPE?

Secondly, Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis.

Thirdly, Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Fourthly, Reveal your position on how theories work and discuss:

Lastly, Why is this perspective the most convincing one for you?

More details on What is IPE theory?

What is IPE theory?
International political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy (GPE), refers to either economics or an interdisciplinary academic discipline that analyzes economics, politics and international relations. … Political economy is a very old subject of intellectual inquiry.
Why international political economy is important?
The purpose of International Political Economy is what drives and explains events in the world economy. The markets of the world economy are not like a local street market in which all items can be openly and competitively traded and exchanged. Equally, politicians cannot rule the global economy.
What is liberalism in international political economy?
International Political Economy of Liberalism. At the international level, liberals believe that a fundamental. harmony of interests exists between as well as within countries. Liberals, thus, contend that global welfare will be maximized if all individuals.
What is political economy approach?
Political economy may draw upon sociology, economics, and political science to define how government, an economic system, and politics influence each other. This approach combines the ideals of classical political economists and newer analytical advances in the field of economics and politics.
What do you mean by international trade?
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). Carrying out trade at an international level is a complex process when compared to domestic trade.

Help Calculate Company Financial Ratios

Help Calculate Company Financial Ratios

The essay  entails a paper on a Company’s Financial Statements and the Amazon Cash Flows in the world economy. Company’s Financial Statements are the sole busines documents which enable a firm to run well and keep track of their profits.

Company’s Financial Statements Amazon Cash Flows

Firstly, analyze AMAZON, and please use all the ratios on the the uploaded source. The uploaded source is the example for this assignment. A 1,500 word typewritten paper discussing the company. Your discussion should give a brief history of the company.

Secondly, the paper should also discuss the results of your group’s financial analysis of the company as outlined in the next step. In particular, you should discuss anything you noted in your financial statement analysis related to the difficulties. (Were there any hints that might have warned a savvy investor about the difficulties before they became publicly known?) You should also make a statement about your opinion of the stock price.

Thirdly, your group should rate the stock as 1.) Buy, 2.) Outperform, 3.) Hold, 4.) Underperform, or 5.) Sell based on current conditions. The written work needs to be your own original thought and words. Your group should obtain the company’s (amazon) for the most recent year (or for the year in which the interesting events or difficulties were experienced.

Also, you must use the company’s actual financial statements…not digests of the statements from a third party finance web site. You should be able to obtain the annual report from the company’s website or the SEC Edgar system. Using the phrase “Investor Relations” in searches can usually speed up your search.

Lastly, these techniques include horizontal and vertical analysis of the balance sheet and income statement and ratio analysis using as many ratios as possible shown in the textbook. The group may also want to examine other relevant Statement Studies This might include the footnote disclosures, the Statement of Cash Flows, SEC filings, press releases or books such as RMA Statement Studies or Dun & Bradstreet Credit Services.

Google’s globally distribute relational database management system

Google’s globally distribute relational database management system

Google is one of the largest IT companies in the world, known first and foremost for its ability to perform rapid, relevant searches. Perform research and provide links to your sources for the following task.

Google is one of the largest IT companies in the world

WATCH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N8F7eOqgH8Q&feature=youtu.be
Google is one of the largest IT companies in the world, known first and foremost for its ability to perform rapid, relevant searches.

Firstly, Perform research and provide links to your sources for the following task.

Secondly, What database management system configuration allows Google such rapid results, no matter geography?

Thirdly, As a cloud-based system, can you find other innovations that Google must use to achieve its results?

Lastly, You must provide the sources you use.

Participation Requirements:
Firstly, Consult the grading rubric in the Faculty & Course Info section for the grading criteria.

Secondly, Original discussion board posts: Create a thread for your original post identified with your name.

Also, An average of 350-500 words in length with proper punctuation, capitalization, and grammar.

Further, Include supportive evidence, such as direct applicable experience and expert sources.

Additionally, Responses to discussion board posts:

Respond to two peers, minimum (you are expect ed to continue to engage with peers and instructor beyond these two responses)

More details;

What database management system does Google use?
Spanner is Google’s globally distribute relational database management system (RDBMS), the successor to BigTable.
How Google maintain their database?
In a nutshell,
  1. BigTable enables the huge scalabilty of storage for Google.
  2. It consists of a cluster management system, which is the more like a distributed master system.
  3. At the atomic level, data is stored using the Google file system in millions of chunk servers.

What are the capabilities of cloud computing?

It includes domains such as cost, security and privacy, scalability, mutual performance and interoperability, implementation platform and independence of Cloud Computing, ability to search and exploration, reducing errors and improving the quality, structure, flexibility and sharing ability.

Investments and investment risk

Investments and investment risk

This week, let’s talk about investments and investment risk. In class with you today are individuals with various experience in investing – some may be seasoned professionals, while others may have very little experience. Either case is perfect okay because we all approach investing, risk, and return differently.

This week, let’s talk about investments and investment risk

Week 4 Discussion: Risk, Return and Diversification
This week, let’s talk about investments and investment risk. In class with you today are individuals with various experience in investing. Some may be season ed professionals, while others may have very little experience. Either case is perfect okay because we all approach investing, risk, and return differently.
When you invest your money, you have to consider a basic risk-return tradeoff. The risk-return tradeoff (Links to an external site.) is the balance between the desire for the lowest possible risk and the highest possible returns. In general, low levels of uncertainty (low risk) are associate with low potential returns and high levels of uncertainty (high risk) are associated with high potential returns (link (Links to an external site.)).

Describe three factors that influence your evaluation of the risk of an investment
What factors influence risk tolerance?
How does diversification positively and negatively affect risk?
What type of investor would invest in a high beta stock and a low beta stock?

More details;

The risk-return relationship. Generally, the higher the potential return of an investment, the higher the risk. There is no guarantee that you will actually get a higher return by accepting more risk. Diversification enables you to reduce the risk of your portfolio without sacrificing potential returns.

Diversification reduces risk by investing in investments that span different financial instruments, industries, and other categories.

Risk can be both undiversifiable or systemic, and diversifiable or unsystemic.

Investors may find balancing a diversified portfolio complicated and expensive, and it may come with lower rewards because the risk is mitigated.

Labach v JH enterprise case of 2015

Justice Labach v JH enterprise case

This is an assignment that discusses the ruling in justice Labach v JH enterprise case. The paper also has various examples of cases for citation.

The ruling in Justice Labach v JH enterprise case

INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Firstly, there are a total of 10 marks to be allocated and this assignment is worth 10% of your final mark in this class.

2. Secondly, I have uploaded three (3) Saskatchewan Court decisions to URCourses as a resource to assist you in responding to the questions below.  The expectation is that you will also use the cases as support for the legal principal that you cite in your answer.  Consequently, please be sure to cite the case and the paragraph of the case upon which you rely as your authority.  The correct citation for each case is follows:

a. Thompson v. Harris, 1970 CanLII 618 (Sk. Q.B.) b. Ackerman v. The Wascana Centre Authority, 1997 CanLII 10879 (Sk. Q.B.); and  also c. Nelson v. JH Enterprises, 2015 SKPC 64 (CanLII).
Several examples of how to properly cite the case are as follows:
a) When crediting (but not quoting) a case:
Either:
Justice Labach in the case of Nelson v. JH Enterprises, 2015 SKPC 64 (CanLII) determined at paragraph 22 that an occupier does not need to be the owner of the premises and also that supervision and control over the premises may be sufficient to lead to a determination that a party is an occupier.
Or:

The ruling in justice Labach v JH enterprise case

An occupier does not need to be the owner of the premises rather an occupier may also be the party that has supervision and control over the premises (Nelson v. JH Enterprises, 2015 SKPC 64 (CanLII) at paragraph 22).   b) When quoting less than two (2) lines of text:

However, in the case of Nelson v. JH Enterprises, 2015 SKPC 64 (CanLII) Justice Labach stated at paragraph 9 “it appeared that a corner of one of the blue lumber carts had got caught on his rear passenger tire.”
c) When quoting more than two (2) lines of text:
In the case of Nelson v. JH Enterprises, 2015 SKPC 64 (CanLII) Justice Labach stated the following at paragraph 9:

Suddenly he heard a loud noise. He stopped his truck and got out to see what had happened. When he went around to the passenger side of the truck, he saw a lumber cart wedged around the rear wheel. It also appeared that a corner of one of the blue lumber carts had got caught on his rear passenger tire and the cart had tipped over into his truck.

Reasons for the low and even negative bond yields

Reasons for the low and even negative bond yields

This paper focuses on EC3214 Financial Economics II. The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year Tbills’ in Moodle contains US daily yields on 10-year Treasuries (in percent) for you to verify or to track the data over the period October 2014 to July 2010.

EC3214 Financial Economics II-The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year

Instructions
The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year Tbills’ in Moodle contains US daily yields on 10-year Treasuries (in percent) for you to verify or to track the data over the period October 2014 to July 2010. At the bottom of the brief summary, there are some questions that you will need to address in writing the essay.

Make sure that the essay is your own individual work and that you do not use external help. Do not copy from anywhere else. You should include a reference section at the end of the essay, and use an appropriate style of referencing to write it out. Wikipedia is not an acceptable source of reference and you will be penalised for including it in the reference section. Please write clearly, and structure your essay so that it is presentable and flows nicely. Clearly explain any models you refer to and discuss implications of their results.

Low bond yields in the 2010’s

The unconventional monetary policies followed by several central banks since 2008 has led to an increase in the demand for bonds, thus increasing the price of bonds and pushing bond yields much lower than historical average yields. For example, in February 2015 10-year bond yield were 2% in the US, 1.6% in Spain, 0.4% in Germany and Japan and -0.04% in Switzerland.
These low and especially negative bond rates are exceptional and have raised the question as to why bond investors are willing to accept such low bond yields. Unconventional monetary policies (quantitative easing or QE) that push up the demand for bonds and thereby increase bond prices are usually seen as the major reason for the low bond yields (remember the negative relationship between bond prices and bond yields).

Despite these low bond yields, investors have recently earned very favourable returns from bonds. For example, in 2014 the returns from the BlackRock Euro Bond Fund A2 EUR was 11.40%.  The total returns from investing in bonds consist of two parts: the yield on the bond, or the periodic interest rate payments, as well as potential capital gains or losses (selling the bond before maturity at a price higher or lower than the purchase price). In 2014, falling bond yields was the consequence of increased demand for bonds, leading to higher bond prices and thus capital gains for bond investors.

EC3214 Financial Economics II

Address the following issues in your write-up (see instructions above):

Firstly, Discuss some reasons for the low (and even negative) bond yields that prevailed at the beginning of 2015, by investigating themes like: Demographic changes among investors in industrialised nations; Currency gains from exchange rates; Negative Inflation; and Capital Regulations and Liquidity Requirements of institutional investors.

Secondly, Discuss the sustainability of these low bond yields.

Thirdly, Discuss the relationship between bond yields and capital gains that can be earned when investing in bonds. In other words, explain why bond investors earned relatively high total returns on bond funds in 2014, despite the record low bond yields at the time.

Fourthly,  Provide some reasons why bond investors were willing to accept negative bond yields in early 2015.

EC3214 Financial Economics II

Additional Sources/ references that you may want to consult to augment your knowledge

Buttonwood (2015). Accentuate the negative: Why investors would opt to lose money. The Economist January 24, 2015.
http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21640373-why-investors-would-opt-lose-money-accentuate-negative

Oliver, S (2019). Global growth slowing, plunging bond yields & inverted yield curves – not terminal but shares are due a pull back. AMP Capital, March 26, 2019. https://www.ampcapital.com/au/en/insights-hub/articles/2019/march/global-growth-slowing-plunging-bond-yields-and-inverted-yield-curves

Bhansali, V and Emons, B (2015). Why the Bond Market Is Yielding Negative and What Negative Yields Mean for You. Pimco.
http://europe.pimco.com/EN/Insights/Pages/Why-the-Bond-Market-Is-Yielding-Negative-and-What-Negative-Yields-Mean-for-You.aspx

Huebscher, R (2015). Gary Shilling – Why You Should Own Bonds. Advisor Perspectives, February 17, 2015.
http://www.advisorperspectives.com/newsletters15/Why_You_Should_Own_Bonds.php

Causes of Turkish financial and economic crisis

Causes of Turkish financial and economic crisis

Explain the causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis that started in 2018. What effect did it have on 1) the Turkish economy and 2) the global economy?

Causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis

Firstly, Explain the causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis that started in 2018.

Secondly, What effect did it have on 1) the Turkish economy and 2) the global economy?

Thirdly, What kind of fiscal and monetary policies were implemented by Turkey?

Fourthly, What are the challenges that remain for the Turkish economy?

Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements:

Be 4-5 pages in length, which does not include the title page, abstract, or required reference page, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements.

Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.

Support your submission with course material concepts, principles and theories from the textbook and at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.

Review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.

More details;

What caused Turkey economic crisis?
The crisis was caused by the Turkish economy’s excessive current account deficit and large amounts of private foreign-currency denominated debt, in combination with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s increasing authoritarianism and his unorthodox ideas about interest rate policy.
Why is inflation so high in Turkey?
Currency depreciation has been a key factor behind Turkey’s inflationary pressures but other issues, including concerns over the central bank’s independence and a diplomatic crisis with the U.S., fueled those losses.
What is going on in Turkey economy?
Turkey’s currency remains battered, while its foreign debts remain vast. Inflation and joblessness are alarmingly high. Economic growth is minimal, and anxiety considerable amid the sense that more trouble lies ahead. This is playing out as Turkey contends with political uncertainty after the shocking rebuke of Mr.

 

Identification of possible problems and solutions in a case study

Identification of possible problems and solutions in a case study

This is an assignment that focuses on the identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study. The paper also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the solution.

The identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study

Assignment Instructions
Firstly, a case analysis must be written in APA format and include the proper cover and reference list.  The Case Analysis must be at least 550 words. Please use double spacing (as required by APA) and an APA approved font (12 point).  The Case Analysis must also include at least three references. Please be sure to list your references on a separate page at the end of the case analysis. Reference support should be included in the evaluation of possible solutions as well as the recommendations and/or implementation sections.  The Case Analysis MUST include the following headings and follow this prescribed format:

Title Page (APA formatted)
I. Major Facts (Heading)
(State here the major facts as you see them. Make statements clear and concise for your own understanding as well as for the understanding of the other students and the instructor.)
II. Major Problem (Heading)
(State here the major problem as you see it. Emphasize the present major problem. You may also wish to phrase your statement in the form of a question. In a few cases, there may be more than one major problem. A good problem statement will be concise, usually only one sentence.)

The identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study.

III. Possible Solutions (Heading)
A. (List here the possible solutions to the major problem. Let your imagination come up with alternative ways to solve the problem.
B. However, do not limit yourself to only one or two possible solutions. These solutions should be distinct from each other. You MUST also include a minimum of three possible solutions.
C. However, you may wish to include portions of one solution in another solution, as long as each solution stands alone. Only in this manner will your subsequent choice be definitive.
D. Note the advantages and also disadvantages of each possible solution as well as expected outcomes. This is an area where outside support will help.
IV. Choice and Rationale (Heading)
(State here your choice, A or B or ___ and the detailed reasons for your choice. You may also state your reasons for not choosing the other alternative solutions.) Additionally, explain the hopeful outcome of this alternative.
V. Implementation (Heading)
Prepare a plan to implement your choice (recommendation).
Reference Page (APA formatted) – every source listed should be cited within the text.