Foreign Direct Investment and Developing Countries

Foreign Direct Investment and Developing Countries

This is a paper that requires the student to research and evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization. The paper also provides additional guidelines to use in the writing and submission of the assignment.

Evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization

Research Paper
The purpose of the Final Paper is to demonstrate a culmination of the learning achieved in the course by describing your understanding and application of knowledge in the field of international business.

Focus of the Final Paper

Select a company that you are familiar with and also write a paper that evaluates several aspects of the company’s organization with respect to the concepts that were learned in this course. In the Introduction, please provide historical background of the company and also its financial and international dealings. The paper should be eight to ten pages in length (excluding the title and also reference pages, appendix, exhibits, etc.). Choose four of the following topics to explain:

Culture of the organization – values and norms
Ethics in international dealings
Foreign Direct Investment
Entry into the markets
Accounting practices
How it converts currency
Its international strategy
Strategic positioning
Marketing tactics
Your assignment must include at least one table and/or figure within the body of the paper that supports one of the four selected topics.  Use proper APA formatting for the caption of your table(s) or figure(s).  Additionally, you are required to use in-text citations, and to provide a reference page with at least 10 references, with a minimum of two from the Ashford University Library.

Text
Hill, C.W. & Hult, G.T.M. (2019).International business: Competing in the global marketplace (12th ed.). Retrieved from https://redshelf.com/

Chapter 20: Accounting and also Finance in the International Business
Web Page
Additionally, globalEDGE. (n.d.). Reference Desk (Links to an external site.). Retrieved https://globaledge.msu.edu/reference-desk

It will provide you with rich information that you need for developing your Research Paper and also doing business globally.

Liberalism in international political economy

Liberalism in international political economy

Why Theory Matters in IPE? Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis. Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Why Theory Matters in IPE?-functions in our thinking and analysis

Firstly, Why Theory Matters in IPE?

Secondly, Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis.

Thirdly, Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Fourthly, Reveal your position on how theories work and discuss:

Lastly, Why is this perspective the most convincing one for you?

More details on What is IPE theory?

What is IPE theory?
International political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy (GPE), refers to either economics or an interdisciplinary academic discipline that analyzes economics, politics and international relations. … Political economy is a very old subject of intellectual inquiry.
Why international political economy is important?
The purpose of International Political Economy is what drives and explains events in the world economy. The markets of the world economy are not like a local street market in which all items can be openly and competitively traded and exchanged. Equally, politicians cannot rule the global economy.
What is liberalism in international political economy?
International Political Economy of Liberalism. At the international level, liberals believe that a fundamental. harmony of interests exists between as well as within countries. Liberals, thus, contend that global welfare will be maximized if all individuals.
What is political economy approach?
Political economy may draw upon sociology, economics, and political science to define how government, an economic system, and politics influence each other. This approach combines the ideals of classical political economists and newer analytical advances in the field of economics and politics.
What do you mean by international trade?
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). Carrying out trade at an international level is a complex process when compared to domestic trade.

International political economy IPE theory

International political economy IPE theory

Why Theory Matters in IPE? Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis. Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Why Theory Matters in IPE?-functions in our thinking and analysis

Firstly, Why Theory Matters in IPE?

Secondly, Discuss theory in general and its important functions in our thinking and analysis.

Thirdly, Explain each theoretical succinctly.

Fourthly, Reveal your position on how theories work and discuss:

Lastly, Why is this perspective the most convincing one for you?

More details on What is IPE theory?

What is IPE theory?
International political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy (GPE), refers to either economics or an interdisciplinary academic discipline that analyzes economics, politics and international relations. … Political economy is a very old subject of intellectual inquiry.
Why international political economy is important?
The purpose of International Political Economy is what drives and explains events in the world economy. The markets of the world economy are not like a local street market in which all items can be openly and competitively traded and exchanged. Equally, politicians cannot rule the global economy.
What is liberalism in international political economy?
International Political Economy of Liberalism. At the international level, liberals believe that a fundamental. harmony of interests exists between as well as within countries. Liberals, thus, contend that global welfare will be maximized if all individuals.
What is political economy approach?
Political economy may draw upon sociology, economics, and political science to define how government, an economic system, and politics influence each other. This approach combines the ideals of classical political economists and newer analytical advances in the field of economics and politics.
What do you mean by international trade?
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). Carrying out trade at an international level is a complex process when compared to domestic trade.

Help Calculate Company Financial Ratios

Help Calculate Company Financial Ratios

The essay  entails a paper on a Company’s Financial Statements and the Amazon Cash Flows in the world economy. Company’s Financial Statements are the sole busines documents which enable a firm to run well and keep track of their profits.

Company’s Financial Statements Amazon Cash Flows

Firstly, analyze AMAZON, and please use all the ratios on the the uploaded source. The uploaded source is the example for this assignment. A 1,500 word typewritten paper discussing the company. Your discussion should give a brief history of the company.

Secondly, the paper should also discuss the results of your group’s financial analysis of the company as outlined in the next step. In particular, you should discuss anything you noted in your financial statement analysis related to the difficulties. (Were there any hints that might have warned a savvy investor about the difficulties before they became publicly known?) You should also make a statement about your opinion of the stock price.

Thirdly, your group should rate the stock as 1.) Buy, 2.) Outperform, 3.) Hold, 4.) Underperform, or 5.) Sell based on current conditions. The written work needs to be your own original thought and words. Your group should obtain the company’s (amazon) for the most recent year (or for the year in which the interesting events or difficulties were experienced.

Also, you must use the company’s actual financial statements…not digests of the statements from a third party finance web site. You should be able to obtain the annual report from the company’s website or the SEC Edgar system. Using the phrase “Investor Relations” in searches can usually speed up your search.

Lastly, these techniques include horizontal and vertical analysis of the balance sheet and income statement and ratio analysis using as many ratios as possible shown in the textbook. The group may also want to examine other relevant Statement Studies This might include the footnote disclosures, the Statement of Cash Flows, SEC filings, press releases or books such as RMA Statement Studies or Dun & Bradstreet Credit Services.

Reasons for the low and even negative bond yields

Reasons for the low and even negative bond yields

This paper focuses on EC3214 Financial Economics II. The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year Tbills’ in Moodle contains US daily yields on 10-year Treasuries (in percent) for you to verify or to track the data over the period October 2014 to July 2010.

EC3214 Financial Economics II-The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year

Instructions
The Excel file ‘Yield on ten-year Tbills’ in Moodle contains US daily yields on 10-year Treasuries (in percent) for you to verify or to track the data over the period October 2014 to July 2010. At the bottom of the brief summary, there are some questions that you will need to address in writing the essay.

Make sure that the essay is your own individual work and that you do not use external help. Do not copy from anywhere else. You should include a reference section at the end of the essay, and use an appropriate style of referencing to write it out. Wikipedia is not an acceptable source of reference and you will be penalised for including it in the reference section. Please write clearly, and structure your essay so that it is presentable and flows nicely. Clearly explain any models you refer to and discuss implications of their results.

Low bond yields in the 2010’s

The unconventional monetary policies followed by several central banks since 2008 has led to an increase in the demand for bonds, thus increasing the price of bonds and pushing bond yields much lower than historical average yields. For example, in February 2015 10-year bond yield were 2% in the US, 1.6% in Spain, 0.4% in Germany and Japan and -0.04% in Switzerland.
These low and especially negative bond rates are exceptional and have raised the question as to why bond investors are willing to accept such low bond yields. Unconventional monetary policies (quantitative easing or QE) that push up the demand for bonds and thereby increase bond prices are usually seen as the major reason for the low bond yields (remember the negative relationship between bond prices and bond yields).

Despite these low bond yields, investors have recently earned very favourable returns from bonds. For example, in 2014 the returns from the BlackRock Euro Bond Fund A2 EUR was 11.40%.  The total returns from investing in bonds consist of two parts: the yield on the bond, or the periodic interest rate payments, as well as potential capital gains or losses (selling the bond before maturity at a price higher or lower than the purchase price). In 2014, falling bond yields was the consequence of increased demand for bonds, leading to higher bond prices and thus capital gains for bond investors.

EC3214 Financial Economics II

Address the following issues in your write-up (see instructions above):

Firstly, Discuss some reasons for the low (and even negative) bond yields that prevailed at the beginning of 2015, by investigating themes like: Demographic changes among investors in industrialised nations; Currency gains from exchange rates; Negative Inflation; and Capital Regulations and Liquidity Requirements of institutional investors.

Secondly, Discuss the sustainability of these low bond yields.

Thirdly, Discuss the relationship between bond yields and capital gains that can be earned when investing in bonds. In other words, explain why bond investors earned relatively high total returns on bond funds in 2014, despite the record low bond yields at the time.

Fourthly,  Provide some reasons why bond investors were willing to accept negative bond yields in early 2015.

EC3214 Financial Economics II

Additional Sources/ references that you may want to consult to augment your knowledge

Buttonwood (2015). Accentuate the negative: Why investors would opt to lose money. The Economist January 24, 2015.
http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21640373-why-investors-would-opt-lose-money-accentuate-negative

Oliver, S (2019). Global growth slowing, plunging bond yields & inverted yield curves – not terminal but shares are due a pull back. AMP Capital, March 26, 2019. https://www.ampcapital.com/au/en/insights-hub/articles/2019/march/global-growth-slowing-plunging-bond-yields-and-inverted-yield-curves

Bhansali, V and Emons, B (2015). Why the Bond Market Is Yielding Negative and What Negative Yields Mean for You. Pimco.
http://europe.pimco.com/EN/Insights/Pages/Why-the-Bond-Market-Is-Yielding-Negative-and-What-Negative-Yields-Mean-for-You.aspx

Huebscher, R (2015). Gary Shilling – Why You Should Own Bonds. Advisor Perspectives, February 17, 2015.
http://www.advisorperspectives.com/newsletters15/Why_You_Should_Own_Bonds.php

Causes of Turkish financial and economic crisis

Causes of Turkish financial and economic crisis

Explain the causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis that started in 2018. What effect did it have on 1) the Turkish economy and 2) the global economy?

Causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis

Firstly, Explain the causes of the recent Turkish financial and economic crisis that started in 2018.

Secondly, What effect did it have on 1) the Turkish economy and 2) the global economy?

Thirdly, What kind of fiscal and monetary policies were implemented by Turkey?

Fourthly, What are the challenges that remain for the Turkish economy?

Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements:

Be 4-5 pages in length, which does not include the title page, abstract, or required reference page, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements.

Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.

Support your submission with course material concepts, principles and theories from the textbook and at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.

Review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.

More details;

What caused Turkey economic crisis?
The crisis was caused by the Turkish economy’s excessive current account deficit and large amounts of private foreign-currency denominated debt, in combination with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s increasing authoritarianism and his unorthodox ideas about interest rate policy.
Why is inflation so high in Turkey?
Currency depreciation has been a key factor behind Turkey’s inflationary pressures but other issues, including concerns over the central bank’s independence and a diplomatic crisis with the U.S., fueled those losses.
What is going on in Turkey economy?
Turkey’s currency remains battered, while its foreign debts remain vast. Inflation and joblessness are alarmingly high. Economic growth is minimal, and anxiety considerable amid the sense that more trouble lies ahead. This is playing out as Turkey contends with political uncertainty after the shocking rebuke of Mr.

 

Identification of possible problems and solutions in a case study

Identification of possible problems and solutions in a case study

This is an assignment that focuses on the identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study. The paper also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the solution.

The identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study

Assignment Instructions
Firstly, a case analysis must be written in APA format and include the proper cover and reference list.  The Case Analysis must be at least 550 words. Please use double spacing (as required by APA) and an APA approved font (12 point).  The Case Analysis must also include at least three references. Please be sure to list your references on a separate page at the end of the case analysis. Reference support should be included in the evaluation of possible solutions as well as the recommendations and/or implementation sections.  The Case Analysis MUST include the following headings and follow this prescribed format:

Title Page (APA formatted)
I. Major Facts (Heading)
(State here the major facts as you see them. Make statements clear and concise for your own understanding as well as for the understanding of the other students and the instructor.)
II. Major Problem (Heading)
(State here the major problem as you see it. Emphasize the present major problem. You may also wish to phrase your statement in the form of a question. In a few cases, there may be more than one major problem. A good problem statement will be concise, usually only one sentence.)

The identification of possible problems and solutions of a case study.

III. Possible Solutions (Heading)
A. (List here the possible solutions to the major problem. Let your imagination come up with alternative ways to solve the problem.
B. However, do not limit yourself to only one or two possible solutions. These solutions should be distinct from each other. You MUST also include a minimum of three possible solutions.
C. However, you may wish to include portions of one solution in another solution, as long as each solution stands alone. Only in this manner will your subsequent choice be definitive.
D. Note the advantages and also disadvantages of each possible solution as well as expected outcomes. This is an area where outside support will help.
IV. Choice and Rationale (Heading)
(State here your choice, A or B or ___ and the detailed reasons for your choice. You may also state your reasons for not choosing the other alternative solutions.) Additionally, explain the hopeful outcome of this alternative.
V. Implementation (Heading)
Prepare a plan to implement your choice (recommendation).
Reference Page (APA formatted) – every source listed should be cited within the text.

Impact of the 2007 financial crisis in international business

Impact of the 2007 financial crisis in international business

Conduct a detailed analysis of the impact of the 2007 financial crisis in international business regarding the bankruptcy of Lehmann Brothers. Research what Lehman Brothers did up and their impact until 2017.

Impact of the 2007 financial crisis in international business

Conduct a detailed analysis of the impact of the 2007 financial crisis in international business regarding the bankruptcy of Lehmann Brothers.
Research what Lehman Brothers did up and their impact until 2017. Compare and contrast the international impact after their bankruptcy in 2007. Research the financial impact not only in the US but internationally. There can be an insight into how the company adjusted during the crisis and why the ultimately were unable to operate due to business choices.

More details;

What were the effects of the financial crisis in 2008?

Consequences. While the collapse of large financial institutions was prevent ed by the bailout of banks by national governments, stock markets still dropped worldwide. In many areas, the housing market also suffered, resulting in evictions, foreclosures, and prolonged unemployment.
What were the causes of the 2007 global financial crisis?
The 2007 financial crisis is the breakdown of trust that occurred between banks the year before the 2008 financial crisis. It was caused by the subprime mortgage crisis, which itself was caused by the unregulated use of derivatives. … Despite these efforts, the financial crisis still led to the Great Recession.
What were the causes and effects of the 2008 financial crisis?
The financial crisis was primarily caused by deregulation in the financial industry. That permitted banks to engage in hedge fund trading with derivatives.  When the values of the derivatives crumbled, banks stopped lending to each other. That created the financial crisis that led to the Great Recession.
What is the effect of the financial crisis on exports?
When a financial crisis or shock hits a country, accessing capital becomes more difficult. As a result, crises reduce the extent to which firms enter export markets and limit the ability of firms to export new products or explore new markets.

Costs and Benefits of Performance Improvement

Costs and Benefits of Performance Improvement

This is an assignment that discusses the costs and benefits of performance improvement. The paper also focuses on the significance these benefits bring to the program.

The Costs and Benefits of Performance Improvement

Costs and Benefits of Performance Improvement
Firstly, I used Africa healthcare system vs Germany Healthcare system.Secondly, Germany as being a healthcare model that Africa should learn from this is the Unit 3 assignment they speak in regards too** Describe briefly the scope of changes needed to raise your chosen country’s care standards to the levels reached by your model country. Limit your focus to a single program, department, or initiative relative to the issue and area you chose to focus on in your Unit 3 assignment. Document any assumptions you make.

Discuss a significant benefit of the program from the perspective of either the government or the health care consumer. Identify and discuss the major costs (that is, personnel, education, equipment, et cetera) associated with implementing the described changes. Also, identify a source (private, NGO, or government) that could be a likely or reasonable source‌‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍ to help fund this quality improvement project. Explain your reasoning. Consider performance measures to assess program performance.

Complete both of the following: Qualitative: Explain a way to qualitatively assess the program performance. Why is this an effective way to assess it? Quantitative: Additionally, discuss a model that you would choose to quantitatively assess the program performance. Why is this an effective way to assess it? Additional Requirements Your paper should meet the following requirements:

Formatting: Resources and citations are format according to current APA style and formatting. Number of resources: Use a minimum of three resources. Length: 5–7 double-spaced pages, not including the references page. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point. Portfolio Prompt: You are to save this learning activity to your ePortfol‌‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍io.

Tools used in traditional economic development

Tools used in traditional economic development

What types of tools are used in traditional economic development? How are these tools similar? How are they different? Who is involve d in the decision-making process with traditional and neighborhood economic development? Does the composition of the group of decision-makers make a difference?

What types of tools are used in traditional economic development?

Firstly, What types of tools are use d in traditional economic development?

Secondly, How are these tools similar?

Thirdly, How are they different?

Further,  Who is involve d in the decision-making process with traditional and neighborhood economic development?

Also, Does the composition of the group of decision-makers make a difference? (Hint: regime theory).

Additionally, What do we know about the outcomes of traditional economic development projects-who benefits?

Who doesn’t?

Moreover, What do we know about the outcomes of traditional economic development projects – who benefits?
Who doesn’t?

Finally,  What are some policy recommendations to overcome some of the shortcomings of traditional economic development?

More details;

Business retention, revolving loan funds, tax increment financing, tourism, bond issuance, PILOTs, tax abatement…

All are examples of the core strategies and tools utilized every day by most economic developers. Sometimes controversial, oftentimes boringly commonplace, often misunderstood– and almost always in need of some explanation as to why they work and why economic developers use them.

In their day, they might have been sexy like clusters and innovation–but age and gravity has taken their toll. They are now pervasive. Like two aspirin, they work wonders but who cares anymore. We do!

The problem with our traditional strategies and tools is that people mess with them. In particular media,  academics and sometimes the research institutes and think tanks. Often when they translate our strategies and tools into academic and policy research, the description and analysis of these strategies and tools gets distorted–sometimes downright manipulated. Does the expression, hatchet job come to your lips?

APA 12 point double spaced – please be careful to cite all references.