PICOT Question . Development of PICOT Question
PICOT question development- In potentially septic pediatric patients in the emergency room (P), will the administration of antibiotics after a lumbar puncture (I), compared to before a lumbar puncture (C), affect the CSF cultures, incidence of morbidity, mortality, and patient outcomes (O)?
and then the Search Tables. PICOT Paper I is your PICOT Question, identification of all variables along with any
synonyms used in the search, purpose of the paper, the significance of the question to your practice, the
background and a narrative of how the search was conducted in each database and a conclusion summarizing
the main points. You will include a title page and reference page, but an abstract is not needed for this paper.
Please title your paper with a relevant title based on the topic of your PICOT- Do NOT title the paper as “PICOT
Paper I. The page requirement for the paper is between 4-5 pages, excluding title page, references, and
Appendix (search tables)-abstract is not needed. The narrative of the search will be within the body of the
paper where you will describe each database search. The search tables will be located after the references as
an appendix. Include four to six (no more than six) references for this paper to support the background and
significance. Use headings from the grading rubric to organize the paper. **the heading of “introduction” is
not used in APA, just begin with title of the paper. Follow APA-6
th edition and the APA, formatting, and style
part of the grading rubric. (See pp. 41-60 in your APA Manual for a sample paper to view style and format.)
Your PICOT question is not final, you can revise it up until your final assignment, which a majority of students
do. You will not discuss any specific articles; this is all about conducting the search. Please follow the Grading
Rubric for the assignment to ensure you have included all required elements.
Some important points for PICOT Paper I:
1. You are NOT doing research, so please do not say you are doing research or researching, but rather you
are seeking evidence to support your PICOT question.
2. Follow APA format. Look at PurdueOwl or the sample paper in the 6
th edition for help:
3. No Direct Quotes – paraphrase instead.
4. Four peer reviewed references required for paper and no more than six peer reviewed references that
are five years old or less.
**Please note: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis cannot be used for this course; so do not use Cochrane
as one of your databases. Additionally, Quality Improvement Projects will not be acceptable options to answer
your PICOT since the Level of Evidence is very low.
**Please note: Looking forward: Final Projects submitted using Systematic Reviews, Meta-analysis, or
Quality Improvement Projects are not acceptable and must be revised based on approved “Keeper articles”.
Points will be deducted for late submission.
Assignment 4: Description and Grading Rubric: Completed Critical Appraisal Tools, Evidence, and Synthesis
Tables (Week 7)
The purpose of this assignment is to complete the appropriate critical appraisal tool for each of your “keeper
studies/articles”, then create your Evidence and Synthesis Tables in order to have the necessary information
to answer your PICOT question and begin writing your Final PICOT assignment. Please upload your four
completed Critical Appraisal Tools and the four “keeper” articles into Blackboard under “Assignments”. You
must submit the four actual articles-no Hyperlinks will not be accepted. There is no need for title page or
reference page with the articles or the Critical Appraisal Tools. Upload your completed Evidence and Synthesis
Tables as one document (both Tables in one Word document) under the assignment area. Your Tables
document should have a title page and the full citation for each “keeper” article in proper APA format on a
Reference page following the tables. Your title will be reflective of your topic and NOT Evidence and Synthesis
Tables. You will include the PICOT question at the beginning of the tables. There are three links under the
assignment tab for this assignment:
1) Critical Appraisal Tool (CAT) for each article with citation at top of each CAT;
2) Four Keeper articles (not hyperlinks) identified by author last name and date;
3) Evidence and Synthesis Tables with title page and references.
Below is the Grading Rubric for the Evidence and Synthesis Tables. There is a required template to use for
these tables under Weeks 6-7 > Synthesizing the Evidence folder.
Important point: Cite correctly in synthesis of articles, do not number articles and discuss articles in tables by
number. You must cite correctly using author(s) last name and date-see APA resources in course. For example:
Incorrect method would be “Articles 1, 2, and 3 stated….”; Correct method would be “Smith (2019) found
that……, while the study by Jenkins (2017) found that…….”
**Please note: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis cannot be used for this course, so do not include these
as keeper articles-See explanation in the Black Board course. Additionally, Quality Improvement Projects are
unacceptable options to answer your PICOT since the Level of Evidence is very low.